Morning Report: Ginnie Mae extends help to servicers

Vital Statistics:

 

Last Change
S&P futures 2769 -10.1
Oil (WTI) 23.03 0.29
10 year government bond yield 0.75%
30 year fixed rate mortgage 3.37%

 

Stocks are down this morning on no real news. Bonds and MBS are flattish

 

As the COVID-19 crisis seems to have peaked, Washington is starting to think about how to get people back to work and the economy restarted. Dr. Fauci discussed that we could start reopening parts of the economy next month, although we have seen some instances overseas where the virus re-started.

 

Earnings season starts this week with the big banks all reporting. Analysts don’t have a clue as to how to handle guidance in this environment. The big question with the banks will be how many borrowers are requesting forbearance. So far, no help seems to be coming, at least from Fannie and FHFA.

 

JP Morgan has tightened up credit requirements – instituting minimum FICOs of 700 and minimum down payments of 20%. This doesn’t apply to its low income programs (JPM doesn’t really do FHA) but this is a good indication of where things are headed across the industry. A massive tightening of mortgage credit was definitely NOT what Congress had in mind when it drafted the CARES Act, but the unintended consequences are probably not going to stop there.

 

Good news for Ginnie Mae servicers: Ginnie Mae will advance P&I payments for delinquent borrowers under the Pass-Through Assistance Program (PTAP). Servicers can request once per month for Ginnie to advance P&I on their MBS. Servicers would still have to handle escrows. Prepayments should help Ginnie servicers get through April, and maybe even May. It won’t solve the issue for Fannie and Freddie issuers, but it is a start.

 

Freddie Mac is extending further help to borrowers affected by COVID-19 including loan modifications typically only used during natural disasters.

Morning Report: Forbearance requests are coming in

Vital Statistics:

 

Last Change
S&P futures 2725 80.4
Oil (WTI) 26.46 0.49
10 year government bond yield 0.74%
30 year fixed rate mortgage 3.47%

 

Stocks are sharply higher again this morning as the COVID-19 fever seems to be breaking. Bonds and MBS are down, though MBS are still holding up better than the bond market.

 

There seems to be a sense that the COVID-19 crisis has passed the exponential growth phase and is entering the manageable growth phase. I suspect we will be talking about getting people back to work by the end of the month. Bottom line, the longer this drags on, the more people are going to ignore the stay-at-home warnings.

 

Home Prices rose 4.1% in February, according to CoreLogic. That said, it is old data and doesn’t really reflect what may be about to occur. “The nearly 10-year-old recovery of the U.S. housing market has run headlong into the panic and uncertainty from the global COVID-19 pandemic. In terms of home value trends, we are in uncharted territory as we battle the outbreak with measures that are generating a never-before-seen, rapid downshift in economic activity and employment. We expect that many homeowners will initially be somewhat cushioned by government programs, ultra-low interest rates or have adequate reserves to weather the storm. Over the second half of the year, we predict unemployment and other factors will become more pronounced, which will apply additional pressure on housing activity in the medium term.” The NYC metro area is most likely to bear the brunt of any negative price movements due to COVID-19. Note that Connecticut’s price appreciation was negative in February to begin with.

 

Meanwhile, New Jersey and Florida seem to be most likely to be hit by Coronavirus foreclosures. “Some parts of the country have seen home prices surge way past what average wage earners can afford, while others may be seeing equity lag if prices have flattened out recently or dipped,” Todd Teta, ATTOM’s chief product officer, said in a statement. “Homeowners who bought in the past year, at the top of the market, are more likely to fall into that group.” In New Jersey, five of those counties were in the New York City suburban area. They included Bergen, Essex, Passaic, Middlesex, and Union counties.

 

Nationstar (aka Mr. Cooper) said that 86,000 people requested forbearance already. Requests ranged from 8,000 – 22,000 a day through last Friday. This represents 2.5% of its customer base. Jay Bray, Mr. Cooper’s CEO said: “It’s frankly frustrating and ridiculous that we do not have a solution in place,” said Bray, talking about an advance facility for servicers “There is going to be complete chaos. We’re the largest nonbank. We have a strong balance sheet, but for the industry as a whole you’re going to start seeing problems soon.” Estimates for the number of forbearance requests range from about 2 million from the government to 12 million from the Urban Institute.

 

There is a massive moral hazard problem with forbearance that the government just hasn’t thought through. In 2008, you had to prove hardship to get a mod on your mortgage. Now you merely have to attest that you have been affected (and the CARES act says “directly or indirectly”). No proof required. I suspect the government’s 2 million estimate (~4% of homes with a mortgage) is probably too low. Urban Institute’s 24% is probably going to be closer to the mark. The limiting factor on this will simply be staffing for servicers. They probably don’t have have the people to handle 12 million forbearance requests. Heck, they probably don’t have enough for 2. What happens if someone can’t get through to their servicer, stops paying, and never gets approval? Or gets partially through the process, gives up, and stops paying without a plan?

 

Aggregators are already telling originators that any loan that requests forbearance within the first two weeks of purchase is getting pushed back to the originator. I have already received several unsolicited emails from funds looking to buy this paper. I think GNMA has said that loans in forbearance are ineligible for pooling in GII securities. Warehouse lenders are refusing to fund FHA and VA loans below 640, and aggregators seem to be moving towards a 680 minimum.